In order to publish and disseminate research articles, Providence University requires all authors to sign the Copyright Transfer Agreement
before the article is published and disseminated. This transfer agreement authorizes the publisher to defend the copyrighted material for the authors. The copyright transfer includes all material to be published as part of the article (in any medium). The authors represent and warrant that the article is original with the authors and do not infringe any copyright or violate any other right of any third parties, and that the article has not been previously published, and that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. The authors take the responsibility for getting the copyright holder permission to reproduce any material for which copyright already exists.